About CBT and EMDR
About Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR).
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
CBT is a structured talking therapy that helps people to develop a better understanding of their difficulties and to develop new ways of thinking, feeling and behaving in order to reduce emotional distress, improve quality of life and increase resilience.
CBT emphasises a partnership between client and therapist to develop a shared understanding of emotional distress. Everyone is an individual and therapy therefore needs to be tailored to meet the needs of people as individuals. It is important, if therapy is going to be effective, that client and therapist agree on what is going to be helpful and have shared goals.
The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) recommends CBT for the following problems:
- Depression and low mood
- Panic attacks
- Chronic worry/generalised anxiety (GAD)
- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
- Social Anxiety
- Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Health Anxiety
CBT is also helpful for other difficulties such as sleep problems, low self-esteem, difficulties in managing anger.
Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR)
EMDR is a psychological treatment that has been found to help process traumatic memories and reduce the symptoms of PTSD. (emdrassociation.org.uk)
NICE recommends either EMDR or Trauma focused CBT for the psychological treatment of PTSD.